Each year in the UK, there are over 3,800 new cases of kidney cancer in men, and over 2,300 cases in women. Kidney cancer accounts for just over two percent of all new cancers diagnosed in the UK.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs on either side of the spine just above the waist. Their main function is to filter blood and rid the body of excess water, salt and waste products. About four in five cases of kidney cancer affect the tubes inside the kidney that carry out this filtering.
If kidney cancer is not treated, cancer cells can break away from the original site and spread to other parts of the body. Where kidney cancer is at an early stage, surgery is usually done with the aim of curing the cancer. Occasionally, additional treatments are given to help reduce the risks of the cancer coming back.
Richard Hindley specialises in laparoscopic (keyhole) kidney surgery at the Hampshire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, including kidney removal for cancer (radical nephrectomy).